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Results: 13


Anna Barbati
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STEM area: Natural and environmental sciences

Competences:

Keywords:

Region: Lazio

Paola Bonfante
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STEM area: Natural and environmental sciences

Competences:

Keywords:

Region: Piedmont


Position/Role

Paola Bonfante, Professor Emerita of Plant Biology, University of Torino Italy

Professional career

Paola Bonfante obtained the degree in Biology at the University of Torino in 1970 and followed a three-year formation period at CNR in the Centre of Soil Mycology, where she was enrolled as a researcher from 1973 to 1985. After a research period at the Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris (1980), she took a position of full Professor of Plant Biology at the University of Torino, Italy covering teaching, research and administration responsibilities (1985). She was head of a CNR research group, which was based in Torino (Centre of Soil Mycology, and later Group belonging to Plant Protection Institute) from 1995 to 2009; Head of the Department of Plant Biology from 2006 to 2011; Coordinator of the Ph.D. course in Biology and Biotechnology till 2013. During the years 1985 to 2018 she has lectured in the teaching courses of Natural Sciences, Biology, and Plant Biology Biotechnology. She has directed the Laboratories of Plant-microbe Interaction; Mycorrhizal Research, and Advanced Microscopy, heading projects and supervising undergraduates, Ph.D. students, and postdocs.  She has been and still is involved in many National and international Committees.

Scientific results

Paola Bonfante has spent a long part of her scientific activity studying the intimate interactions that occur between fungi and plants as well as between bacteria and fungi, using cellular and molecular approaches.  In this context, she has first described how plant cells accommodate mycorrhizal fungi following their penetration process, identifying novel structures (from the interfacial compartment to the so-called prepenetration apparatus), thanks to the use of different cellular approaches including immunocytochemistry.  Applying DNA technologies, early in the nineties, she provided contribution to the knowledge of mycorrhizal diversity in natural as well as in cultivated fields. She has discovered a group of endobacteria, which live inside mycorrhizal fungi and may modulate some of the functional traits of their fungal hosts. This contribution is a relevant part of a novel research field (Fungal-bacterial interactions). She joined many international projects focused to the genome sequencing of mycorrhizal fungi (from truffles to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi). More recently, she has focused her attention to the role of mycorrhizal fungi as a crucial component of crop microbiota, where they act as biofertilisers and bioprotectors.

Editorial work and publications

Paola Bonfante has been editor of Fungal Biology, currently editor di Environmental Microbiology since 2013, member of the Editorial Board of journals, among which ISME Journal and New Phytologist. She acts as a referee for many journals (Science, Nature Microbiology; Trends in Plant SciencePlant CellPlant JournalPlant PhysiologyPlantaFungal Biology & Genetics,PNAS)as well as for scientific agencies(i.e.: Ministry Instruction and University, MIUR; National Science Foundation (NSF); French, Swiss, German, UK foundations)

She has signed more than 300 papers https://scholar.google.it/citations?user=WiJOKEQAAAAJ&hl=it

1. Scannerini S, Bonfante P. 1979. Ultrastructural cytochemical demonstration of polysaccharides and proteins within host–arbuscule interfacial matrix in an endomycorrhiza. New Phytologist 83: 87–94. The paper offered the first demonstration of the presence of  cell-wall related molecules  occurring at the interface between the host plant and an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus. At the time in situ techniques based on the use of antibodies were not yet  available. Only later, monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies as well as gold-bound lectins and enzymes were used to detect specific molecules.

 2. A Genre, M Chabaud, T Timmers, P Bonfante, DG Barker, 2005 Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi elicit a novel intracellular apparatus in Medicago truncatula root epidermal cells before infection. The Plant Cell 17 (12), 3489-3499 The paper which describes a very early response of a plant host to the physical contact of an AM fungus but before its penetration, has been acknowledged as a relevant contribution in the field of plant- fungal interactions

3. P Bonfante, IA Anca, 2009 Plants, mycorrhizal fungi, and bacteria: a network of interactions Annual review of microbiology 63, 363-383. This often quoted review introduces the role of bacteria as relevant third components in mycorrhizal interactions.

4.  S Ghignone, A Salvioli, I Anca, et al., 2012 The genome of the obligate endobacterium of an AM fungus reveals an interphylum network of nutritional interactions The ISME journal 6 (1), 136-145. Starting from the observations of bacteria-like organisms living in the cytoplasm of AM fungi and from their, PB group offered the first genome sequence of an endobacterium living in  a fungus which lives inside a plant. This paper opened the way to many other papers describing the genomes of  fungal endobacteria

5.  M Chialva, A Salvioli, S Daghino, et al. 2018  Native soils with their microbiotas elicit a state of alert in tomato plants New Phytologist. Plants, like animals, have their own microbiota, which can have a powerful effect on their health.. The experiments illustrate how a natural microbiota bacteria raises the level of  the innate plant immunity

Awards and prizes

Fellow of Academy of Sciences of Torino (2000), Academy of Agriculture of Torino (2000)  Academia dei Lincei Rome (November 2011), Académie d'Agriculture de France (2018)

Award for Plant Biology 2010, Roma, June 2010

Award for the Award for the French Food Spirit- Science – Paris, December 16, 2010

She is in the list of:

1. Top Italian Scientists- Ranking 5 for the typology Natural sciences http://www.topitalianscientists.org/TIS_HTML/Top_Italian_Scientists_Natural_Environmental_Sciences.htm (H Index: 83, 

2. Highly Quoted Researchers, 2018 Clarivate Analytics, https://hcr.clarivate.com/

3. One hundred Italian Experts: http://100esperte.it/search?id=bonfante-paola-70

4. Member of Group 2003 https://www.gruppo2003.org

 

 

Sonia Calvari
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STEM area: Natural and environmental sciences

Competences:

Keywords:

Region: Sicily


Position/Role

Research Director of the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Section Catania - Osservatorio Etneo

Professional career

She was researcher (1987-1999) at Istituto Internazionale di Vulcanologia in Catania, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), then moved to Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione Catania - Osservatorio Etneo when several CNR institutes dealing with geophysics and volcanology merged together to form INGV. At INGV she was Senior Researcher (2001-2008), then Director of Research (2008-present); head of the Unità Funzionale di Vulcanologia e Geochimica (2002-2009), coordinating the activities of 35 scientists dealing with volcanology and geochemistry; leader of the Tematica Trasversale Coordinata (2004-2013) coordinating the monitoring and research activities on volcanoes of about 150 INGV scientists; leader of the Centro di Pericolosità Vulcanica (Volcanic Hazard Centre, CPV; 2016-present), coordinating within INGV the researches on volcanic hazard assessment, development of tools for hazard evaluation, and acting as a member of the "Unità di Crisi" (Crisis Unit).

Geology degree (full marks with laude) at Università della Calabria (Italy), PhD in Volcanic Hazard at Lancaster University (U.K.).

Scientific results

Monitoring and research on volcanic regions in Italy and abroad and development of tools for prompt hazard assessment, especially during volcanic crisis. Geology of volcanic systems, with development and applications of new methodologies for mapping volcanic terrains, and production of geological maps and data bases. Study on lava flows, lava flow fields and lava tubes, and ideation of routines useful for hazard assessment during effusive volcanic eruptions. Monitoring of explosive eruption using multidisciplinary data, and estimation of erupted volumes and explosion dynamics. Outreach activities, involving also several participations to Italian and foreign TV programs, such as RAI Explora (RAI Educational), Geo & Geo (RAI3), La TV delle Scienze (RAI1), National Geographic, Discovery Channel, plus several contributions and interviews to History Channel, CNN, BBC, Endemol UK, SWR (Germany), and talks to students organized by Zanichelli, where she was presenting the results from the activities and researches carried out by INGV.

Editorial work and publications

Proposer and editor of four geophysical monographs; of these, two were published by the American Geophysical Union: one dedicated to Etna volcano (Bonaccorso A, Calvari S, Coltelli M, Del Negro C, Falsaperla S (eds), Mt. Etna: Volcano Laboratory. Geophysical Monograph Series, v. 143, 2004), and the second to the 2002-03 eruption of Stromboli (Calvari S, Inguaggiato S, Puglisi G, Ripepe M and Rosi M (eds), The Stromboli Volcano: An integrated study of the 2002-2003 Eruption, Geophysical Monograph Series, 182, 2008). The third is a special issue of Frontiers in Earth Science (Calvari S, Bonaccorso A, Oppenheimer C, Spampinato L (eds), Exploring Volcanic Paroxysmal Explosive Activity From Magma Source to Ground and Atmosphere) and is in press in 2019. The fourth is a special issue of Annals of Geophysics (Calvari S, Del Negro C, Harris A (eds) and is in press in 2019. She is also author, together with Professor L.H. Tanner, of a book on Volcanoes for undergraduates published by the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science of Albuquerque (New Mexico): Tanner LH and Calvari S, Volcanoes: Windows on the Earth. Albuquerque, New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, A Division of the Department of Cultural Affairs, 2012. 

She was Associate Editor of Bulletin of Volcanology (2011-2015) and currently she is Associate Editor of Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research (2018-present). She published more than 120 papers, and here below is a small selection of the most recent papers: 

(2018) Calvari S, Cannavò F, Bonaccorso A, Spampinato L, Pellegrino AG Paroxysmal Explosions, Lava Fountains and Ash Plumes at Etna Volcano: Eruptive Processes and Hazard Implications. Frontiers in Earth Science, 6(107) doi: 10.3389/feart.2018.00107.

(2018) Calvari S, Ganci G, Silva Victória S, Hernandez PA, Perez NM, Barrancos J, Alfama V, et al. Satellite and Ground Remote Sensing Techniques to Trace the Hidden Growth of a Lava Flow Field: The 2014–2015 Effusive Eruption at Fogo Volcano (Cape Verde). Remote Sensing, 10(1115) doi:10.3390/rs10071115.

(2017) Bonaccorso A, Calvari S. A new approach to investigate an eruptive paroxysmal sequence using camera and strainmeter networks: Lessons from the 3–5 December 2015 activity at Etna volcano.Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 475:231-241, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2017.07.020.

 (2016) Calvari S, Intrieri E, Di Traglia F, Bonaccorso A, Casagli A, Cristaldi A. Monitoring crater-wall collapse at active volcanoes: a study of the 12 January 2013 event at Stromboli. Bulletin of Volcanology, 78(5):1-16. 
(2015) Bonaccorso A, Calvari S, Boschi E. Hazard mitigation and crisis management during major flank eruptions at Etna volcano: reporting on real experience.Geological Society, London, Special Publications 426, SP426, 4. 

Awards and prizes

2017    "Certificate of Outstanding Contribution in Reviewing" awarded October 2017 by the Editors of Earth and Planetary Science Letters (Elsevier, Amsterdam The Netherlands).

2007    Most Cited Author 2003-2007 Award by Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research.

2001    Diploma and Medal from the Italian Department of Civil Defence for the work carried out during the 1991-1993 Etna eruptive crisis.

1989    Diploma from the Minister of the Italian Civil Protection for having actively contributed to the first simulation of a volcanic emergency and evacuation of the island of Vulcano, Italy.

 

Elisabetta Erba
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STEM area: Natural and environmental sciences

Competences:

Keywords:

Region: Lombardy

Maria Cristina Facchini
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STEM area: Natural and environmental sciences

Competences:

Keywords:

Region: Emilia-Romagna

Serena Fonda Umani
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STEM area: Natural and environmental sciences

Competences:

Keywords: plancton

Region: Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Maria Cristina Gambi
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STEM area: Natural and environmental sciences

Competences:

Keywords:

Region: Campania

Emanuela Guidoboni
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STEM area: Natural and environmental sciences

Competences:

Keywords:

Region: Emilia-Romagna

Lucia Margheriti
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STEM area: Natural and environmental sciences

Competences:

Keywords:

Region: Lazio

Maria Marsella
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STEM area: Natural and environmental sciences

Competences:

Keywords:

Region: Lazio

Daniela Pantosti
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STEM area: Natural and environmental sciences

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Keywords:

Region: Lazio

Silvia Peppoloni
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STEM area: Natural and environmental sciences

Competences:

Keywords:

Region: Lazio

Claudia Sorlini
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STEM area: Natural and environmental sciences

Competences:

Keywords:

Region: Lombardy